In 2020 EIT Urban Mobility conducted a survey across 16 European cities to understand and analyse their mobility strategies during the COVID-19 pandemic. This paper is a summary of an in-depth report (please refer to the “acknowledgement” section for more details on authorship) exploring the impact of COVID-19 on these cities and in the wider context of urban mobility in Europe.
The cities surveyed constitute a sample of mostly middle-sized cities well spread across Europe, with 2 cities from Western, 5 from Northern, 2 from Eastern, 5 from Southern, and 2 from Central Europe. While most publications about the impact of COVID-19 have been largely focusing on large cities, this paper sheds light on the main challenges posed by the pandemic to diverse cities across Europe, and the mobility strategies deployed to address them.
The paper first sets out the challenges, requirements, and strategies of sustainable urban mobility systems. It then analyses the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on these systems, before exploring selected best practices for resilient and future-proof mobility systems. Finally, the paper considers innovation in cities as an enabler of the sustainable mobility transition and provides a critical assessment of the economic impact of new mobility solutions in the new context.