Research conducted by EIT InnoEnergy reveals that the world’s top ten universities offer, on average, 2.8 courses focusing on sustainability and energy, compared to a global average of 5.6.
A snapshot of the sustainability education landscape
The research considered the standalone sustainable educational output of 27 leading institutions across Europe, the US, Asia and Latin America, with a focus on institutions ranked highly by The Times Higher Education 2020 report and feeder schools to EIT InnoEnergy’s postgraduate degrees.
The output highlighted limited sustainability courses (under 1%) at the University of Oxford (ranked first) and Harvard University (seventh). The University of Cambridge (third) is marginally higher at 1.21%. However, this is significantly less than the likes of institutions such as Universidade de São Paulo, which falls outside of the top 200 Times ranked institutions but has a greater concentration (7%) of courses teaching specific sustainable energy skills.
There is clear disparity globally, with more than 6% of all programmes taught in Latin America providing a sustainability focus, compared to around 1% in Europe and Asia. Younger institutions are also offering a greater number of courses with a sustainability focus. Shanghai Jiao Tong University is the global leader with 11 sustainability programmes, but this expands when you consider some degrees can be taken in both English and Chinese creating wider accessibility.
Out of all 124 sustainability-related courses identified in the research, 51% focus on the areas of the environment including courses such as management or engineering. Within this broad topic, modules typically focus on managing or controlling areas like air pollution and water quality, rather than equipping students to solve these issues. In-depth, specialist topics such as smart cities, renewables and wind make up only 2% of all energy and sustainability-related degrees.
A recent study by EIT InnoEnergy further highlights that the gap between education and industry is widening. The survey of more than 200 members of EIT InnoEnergy’s ecosystem of industrial partners, innovation projects and start-ups found that energy storage, energy efficiency and renewable energy skills are in high demand. This is in stark contrast to the education research which shows only one degree available for renewable energy and wind.
While we recognise the value of general engineering degrees in supporting the sustainable energy cause, there is a widening gap between the specific, in-depth skills needs of industry and what higher education institutions are offering. It is not only energy businesses that have a role to play in accelerating the energy transition. We, as a society, are all responsible. We need to overhaul the current university ranking system to have a positive impact on the energy transition and our climate – with both courses offered and sustainability approaches carried out by the universities. Sustainability should be a primary concern, not an optional module in broader courses.
Prof.Dr.ir. Frank Gielen – EIT InnEnergy Education Director